relative Major and minor

The Relative Major and Minor Scales refer to the Ionian and Aeolian modes that have the same key signature.


The Major Scale is a pattern of whole-steps and half-steps

( WWHWWWH ) that divide an octave.


It is from this scale that the relative Minor scale is derived.


The Minor scale is based on the 6th scale degree of the Major scale.


In C major the 6th note , or the Submediant , is A. Thus, the relative minor of C major is A minor.



The Major chords in the major scale are the I , IV and V.

The Minor chords are the ii , iii , and vi.


The Arabic numerals refer to the individual notes or degrees of the scale.

The Roman numerals are used to indicate the chord degrees.

Upper case Roman numerals are used to indicate a Major chord. Lower case Roman numeral is used to indicate a Minor chord.



The vii chord of a Major scale is a diminished triad

(i.e. r - b3 - b5 ) or a half-diminished if extended to the 7th

( i.e. r -b3 - b5 - b7 ).


This chord is notated by a 'degree' symbol with a slash through it. Also, it can be notated as 'm7b5' ( minor 7 flat 5).



The diminished or full diminshed is notated with a small 'degree' superscript.






Circle of Fifths

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