relative Major and minor

The Minor Scale is a pattern of whole-steps and half-steps

( WHWWHWW ) that divide an octave.The half-steps are between the 2nd and 3rd, and the 5th and 6th scale degree.


The Relative Minor scale is derived from its Relative Major. The Minor scale is based on the 6th scale degree of the Major scale.


The Minor chords in the minor scale are the i ,iv and v .

The Major chords in the minor scale are the III , VI , and VII.

The Arabic numerals refer to the individual notes or degrees of the scale.

The Roman numerals are used to indicate the chord degrees.

Upper case Roman numerals are used to indicate a Major chord. Lower case Roman numeral is used to indicate a Minor chord.


The ii chord of a Minor scale is a diminished triad(i.e. r - b3 - b5 ) or a half-diminished if extended to the 7th ( i.e. r -b3 - b5 - b7 ). This chord is notated by a 'degree' symbol with a slash through it. Also, it can be notated as 'm7b5' ( minor 7 flat 5).



The diminished is notated with a small 'degree' superscript.





Circle of Fifths

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